Historical Overview


The introduction and acclimatization of new plants in Egypt have rooted to the times of pharaohs. The advanced Egyptian horticulture & the supporting technology can be vividly reconstructed from the artistic record, painted and carved in tombs and temples. Egyptian understanding and knowledge of plant life was incorporated into both religious beliefs and art. Thus, papyrus, the symbol of Lower Egypt, and the lotus, the symbol of Upper Egypt, were incorporated in numerous paintings of hunting scenes, floral offerings, as well as the architectural designs of columns. (Janick,2002).

Mazhar Botanic Garden

Mazhar Botanic garden began in the fifities as a garden for collecting various fruits & roses. but gradually it turned to a live collection of all kinds of plants , including palms , trees , shrubs ,bamboo, cactus,bulbs, ferns and aquatic plants More than 3500 new plant species were brought from abroad as saplings or seeds through personal trips & importation . Successfully propagated in well equipped greenhouses. Mazhar Botanic Garden contains a massive collection of cultivated plants, which made it a destination for researches & experts. Now it is the 1st private & non - profit botanical garden in Egypt.

Rare Plants during Khedive Ismail era

Reviving the rare and extinct plant species which were introduced to Egypt in the era of Khedive Ismail Those species existed in the historical gardens of Egypt and were successfully propagated from seeds and cuttings inside well equipped greenhouses In Mazhar Botanic Garden